Quantification of Multi-Parametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based on Radiomics Analysis for Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Lesions of Prostate





The most common cancer (non-cutaneous) malignancy among men is prostate cancer. Management of prostate cancer, including staging and treatment, playing an important role in decreasing mortality rates. Among all current diagnostic tools, multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) has shown high potential in localizing and staging prostate cancer. Quantification of mp-MRI helps to decrease the dependency of diagnosis on readers’ opinions.


The aim of this research is to set a method based on quantification of mp-MRI images for discrimination between benign and malignant prostatic lesions with fusion-guided MR imaging/transrectal ultrasonography biopsy as a pathology validation reference.

Material and Methods:

It is an analytical research that 27 patients underwent the mp-MRI examination, including T1- and T2- weighted and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). Quantification was done by calculating radiomic features from mp-MRI images. Receiver-operating-characteristic curve was done for each feature to evaluate the discriminatory capacity and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and leave-one-out cross-validation for feature filtering to estimate the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the benign and malignant lesion differentiation process is used.


An accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 92.6%, 95.2% and 83.3%, respectively, were achieved from a subset of radiomics features obtained from T2-weighted images and ADC maps for distinguishing benign and malignant prostate lesions.


Quantification of mp-MRI (T2-weighted images and ADC-maps) based on radiomics feature has potential to …

Prostatic Neoplasms; Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Radiomics features; Quantification analysis

Soheila Koopaei, Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Mahyar Ghafoori, Mohammadreza Alviri, Fakhereh Pashaei, Hamidreza Saligheh Rad

Journal of Biomedical Physics and Engineering
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