Generation of 4-Class Attenuation Map for MRI Based Attenuation Correction of PET Data in the Head Area Using a Novel Combination of STE/DIXON-MRI and FCM Clustering
Objective: The aim of this study is to generate a four-class magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based
attenuation map (μ-map) for attenuation correction of positron emission tomography (PET) data of the head area using a novel combination of short echo time (STE)/Dixon-MRI and a dedicated image segmentation method.
Results: The voxel-by-voxel comparison of MR-based and CT-based segmentation results yielded an average of more than 95 % for accuracy and specificity in the cortical bone, soft tissue, and air region. MRI-based μ-maps show a high correlation with those derived from CT scans (R2 90.95).
Conclusion: Results indicate that STE/Dixon-MRI data in combination with FCM-based segmentation yields precise MR-based μ-maps for PET attenuation correction in hybrid PET/MRI systems.